Long-term time series sites - OceanSITES

  

Brief history:

 

OceanSITES is a network of long-term buoy and ship stations collecting multidisciplinary ocean data from the full-depth water column to the overlying atmosphere. The growing network consists of about 60 surface and more than 200 subsurface instruments monitoring the global ocean.

  

Description:

OceanSITES stations offer stable platforms from which scientists can deploy a wide range of instruments. These moorings are anchored to the sea floor and stay in place for a year or more between maintenance visits. During that time, their cargo of instruments collects and stores a large volume of observations. Some moorings are able to transmit observations to shore via satellites, others record their observations inside the instruments.

  

Data collected:
  • Meteorology data (precipitation, wind speed and direction, air and sea-surface temperature, humidity, surface waves, etc.)
  • Physical oceanography data (current speed and direction, water temperature, salinity)
  •  Water transport data (volume of open ocean currents)
  •  Biogeochemistry data (nutrients, organic sediments, dissolved inorganic carbon, etc.)
  • Biology (phytoplankton, zooplankton, fish stocks, etc.)
  • Carbon cycle (carbon dioxide pressure in air and water)
  • Climate data (air-sea fresh water, heat and gas exchange, wind stress)
  • Ecosystem and geophysical parameters (seismic movements, magnetism)

  

Societal applications:
  • Weather forecasts and early warnings (hurricanes, tsunamis, etc.)
  • Large-scale climate fluctuations
  • Monitoring of ocean production for stock management

  

If you want to learn more about this program, visit the website: http://www.oceansites.org/