How to simulate heat transfer between water and sand

Simulate heat transfer between water and sand

application/pdf Heat transfer experiment activity sheet    

© Keith Hartle, Carol Young, New Zealand/SEREAD

Individual or group activity

Duration: 45 min to 1.5 hours

Type of activity: experiment

Language: English

Materials required: two jars or buckets, sand or soil, water, two thermometers

The difference in temperature between the water and the atmosphere leads to heat transfer. This experiment shows how heat spreads and is absorbed and released by water and earth (represented by sand in this experiment).

The activity sheet provides the experimental protocol and questions related to heat transfer in the Earth system.

Follow up with a booklet on seawater:

Seawater (12-18)

For younger participants, try a word game:

Formation of land and sea breezes (9-11)